Country Area : 923,768 km2

Forested Area (1000 ha) : 6,993

UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes

Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : National Programme, Support to country needs assessment (CNA)

FCPF Member : Yes

Active FCPF Grant Holder: No

Readiness Grant Holder: No

Carbon Fund: No

Nigeria's forests, which currently occupy over 9.6 million hectares, have been dwindling rapidly over the past decades. The current deforestation rate is estimated at 3.7% - one of the highest in the world. The Federal Government of Nigeria, backed by pioneering efforts made by the country’s Cross River State, started to engage in REDD+ in 2009 and became a Partner Country of the UN-REDD Programme in February 2010. The Nigeria REDD+ Readiness Programme foresees a twin-track approach to achieving REDD+ readiness in Nigeria: (i) the development of institutional and technical capacities at Federal level, and (ii) carrying out intense institutional, strategy-building and demonstration activities in Cross River State.

Progress against the Warsaw Framework for REDD+

Nigeria has an ongoing NP and is benefitting from a regional targeted support on forest carbon inventories and also participated in the CNA for West Africa (Section 3.49). The country is also one of the CBR+ pilot countries.

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan
In supporting the design of Nigeria’s NS/AP two analyses that began in 2014, a Participatory Governance Assessment (PGA) and a geospatial analysis of land use/land cover change (the study on CRS drivers of deforestation) were completed by mid- 2015. These analyses require further consultation on conclusions and recommendations and, for the study on drivers, validation
of findings, before they can effectively contribute to strategy development. preliminary analysis, planning, and engagement by the NS/AP working groups or reactivated Technical Committees have been proposed in a draft “road map” for development of the NS/AP. The implementation of the roadmap is progressing well and the two-pronged approach of strategy development at CRS and Federal levels is advanced further and providing lessons and experiences for other States in Nigeria including Nasarawa and Ondo States.

National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS)
Capacities for relevant stakeholders have been enhanced at both federal and national level through a series of technical capacity building workshops, including: (i) a forest monitoring and MRV workshop for 49 stakeholders in 2014; (ii) a National Forest Carbon Inventory training with 25 participants in 2014; (iii) capacity building on image processing and interpretation of satellite imagery of 20 staff; (iv) a forest carbon inventory data analysis training of 26 staff, and (v) a Greenhouse Gas Inventory training of 23 staff from the LULUCF sector. These trainings and workshops, plus the establishment of technical Working Groups, advance efforts for the NFMS to be put in place in the future. Sampling design is based on a 2014 land use map produced with the help of the Nigerian National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA), which will be used as the framework to establish a Forest Monitoring System at Cross River State (CRS) by the end of 2016. In addition, the technical Working Group on MRV activities is in the process of acquiring recent satellite data to advance subsequent monitoring activities. Nigeria also participated in the CNA for West Africa and is included in the joint support to West Africa for strengthening regional capacity in West Africa for national forest carbon inventories. 

Forest Reference Emission Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL)
A spatially explicit study on drivers of deforestation in Cross River State has been finalized, analyzing satellite images for three different periods (2000, 2007 and 2014), also including activity data that was obtained for land use/land cover purposes in the entire State. Furthermore, the ongoing development of the National Forest Carbon Inventory will help providing estimates of emission factors. A workshop is planned in 2016 on the establishment of the FRELs/FRLs, building on data collected during the aforementioned studies and analyses. A draft version of the FRELs/FRLs is expected to be validated before the end of 2016.

Safeguards and Safeguards Information System (SIS)
The Working Group on national safeguards was reorganized in October 2015 to enable different stakeholders to participate and work together to review relevant policies and measures to be developed within the framework of the REDD+ Strategy for the Cross River State region. During this process, selected existing or already planned policy and regulatory instruments relevant to the REDD+ process was assessed, especially in regard to potential benefits and risks. In addition, the work on safeguards will also draw from and build on the outcomes of the PGA work as well as the assessment of policy, legal and institutional framework on REDD+. The work on safeguards will also be incorporated into the Issues and Options report and the eventual REDD+ strategy. The Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA), carried out by the FCPF, is further expected to help strengthen advancements for transparency and safeguards in the country.

Following Nigeria’s CBR+ Country Plan approval, and a series of consultations reaching 70 communities across the three REDD+ pilot sites in Cross River State, 28 CBR+ project concepts were developed by communities. Training was provided to strengthen the proposals and after the formal call for proposal and the subsequent selection process, seven CBR+ projects have been approved and will begin implementation in early 2016. Additional projects are in the pipeline for approval.


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Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 266,000
#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
Date of Request 19.05.2015
Date of Approval 19.01.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 1
Status Under Implementation
Amount Requested US$ 266,000
Amount Approved US$ 266,000
UN Agency Providing Support
MRV and Monitoring


Lead National Institution: Request through the  Forestry Commission, Ghana Expected completion date: 30/06/2016.


1. Enhanced regional cooperation and capacities on NFMS, MRV and data sharing.

2. Enhanced capacity and experiences shared on forest carbon inventories in West Africa.

Additional funding in November 2016 (USD 104,000), specifically to reach the following:

Regional training workshop undertaken and capacities of Remote Sensing /GIS staff improved on land use land cover classification systems and on how to harmonized existing land use legends in their countries.

Regional Training undertaken and data analysis skills of scientist and forest service staffs enhanced for estimation of emission factors.