Preparing a REDD Strategy

Strategy

Rationale

REDD can only be effective if linked to a fair and equitable payment distribution system. Viet Nam will build on its existing extensive experience of local payment distribution systems.

The Viet Nam UN-REDD programme supports the design of a modified payment distribution system suitable for REDD.

• Analysis of strengths and weaknesses of existing payment system(s)

• Identification and implementation of modifications necessary for REDD

• Organization of workshops or other events to educate local (district and provincial) officials and stakeholders regarding the modifications

• Testing of system

Outputs

Study : REDD+-compliant Benefit Distribution System in Viet Nam.

A team of national and international experts analyzed the needs and constraints to the creation of a REDD-complaint payment distribution system for Viet Nam, related to Outputs 1.4 and 2.3 of the Viet Nam UN-REDD Programme. Their recommendations were presented to the government and will be made public at COP15.

The study reviews experiences and lessons from various systems of benefit-sharing in Viet Nam in the forest and natural resource management sector, identifies strengths and weaknesses relevant to the establishment of an efficient, transparent and equitable system for distribution of benefits arising from REDD, on the basis of which a programme of work will be developed to implement the necessary legal, policy and institutional changes required to overcome the identified weaknesses.

 

 

 

Forest Policy

Viet Nam has not yet passed national legislation intended to provide a comprehensive model for REDD activities. However, REDD activities will take place under the Climate Action Plan. In addition, existing forests policies, strategies and programs include: the Forest Law and Governance Action Plan; National Forest Development Strategy; the Five Million Hectare Reforestation Program (so-called the Program 661), the Promotion of sustainable agricultural cultivation in sloping land and development of forest plantation. The Forestry Development Strategy for the period from 2006-2020 defines the national strategy for the country’s forests, with a target of 43% of land area covered in forests by 2015.

Governance

A number of governance elements are undertaken under UN-REDD Viet Nam Programme.

Output 1.1 concerns the establishment of a broad stakeholder coordination mechanism. The first indicator under this output has been achieved with the establishment of an open-ended “National REDD Network”, on September 16th, by decision of the Minister of MARD. The UN-REDD programme is now supporting the operationalization of this Network, with the first official meeting conducted in October. Two NGOs have already joined the Network. The establishment of a Provincial REDD Network in our pilot province is under consideration and should be further defined at the occasion of the local Inception workshop to be held on Nov. 25th.

Outputs 1.4 and 2.3 deal with the design of a transparent and equitable (REDD-compliant) benefit sharing mechanism. The first draft of a report on the design of this system has been submitted to the government tomorrow. A policy workshop with senior government decision makers on November 10 (or possibly postponed to the 13th) is planned, during which governance policy recommendations will be examined, including proposals developed by a payment distribution working group on :

- REDD revenues received by Viet Nam should be paid into a sub-fund of the already-established Forest Conservation and Development Fund

- This sub-fund would have a separate Board with CSO representation, and be subject to independent external audit.

- Decisions on local payment structuring be devolved to District authorities so they can closely match the local cultural and socio-economic conditions, subject to effective checks and balances to ensure that links to performance and the principles of transparency and equity are maintained.

- The establishment of a recourse mechanism to provide local stakeholders with a voice to raise concerns about how the system is operating.

Output 2.1 covers mainstreaming REDD into local socio-economic development planning, with a focus on the establishment of participatory approaches to the formulation of District plans. In support of this, output 2.2 will build capacity among local stakeholders in participatory carbon monitoring.

In terms of international forest governance, the whole of Outcome 3 deals with building regional consensus on cooperative approaches to reduce deforestation in the four countries of the lower Mekong basin. This may include demand-side management in Viet Nam as a means of reducing emissions in Lao and Cambodia.

 

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