National Programmes in Africa

 

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Analysing and addressing governance challenges are key to addressing underlying causes of deforestation as well as to identify and mitigate shortcomings and risks in current governance systems and structures. In seriously addressing governance challenges access to reliable and robust governance data is essential.

With this backdrop, the PGA serves many purposes in a country’s national REDD+ process depending on which stakeholder group is using the governance data.

From a government perspective, the PGA results serve: 

  • To highlight shortcomings and relatively low performance, and as such point to issues of urgent attention (will help Government prioritize strategically)
  • As robust governance information and evidence which can feed into and support government’s policy-making, planning and strategies at national and sub-national levels
  • As a basis and starting point for policy-reform
  • As comprehensive governance data which can feed into the national Safeguards Information System, which Indonesia in turn will report back to UNFCCC
  • To track progress or regression (if updated regularly)

From a civil society perspective, the PGA serves as/ to:

  • Robust governance evidence and information to support lobbying and advocacy and to holding decisions makers to account 
  • Monitor progress or regression

The governance data will be available through:

  • a comprehensive analysis of the state of governance relevant for Indonesia’s REDD+ process in particular and forest governance in general;
  • recommendations on how to address the shortcomings; as well as
  • information on the performance of selected governance issues at national, district and provincial level

This methodology, which has been tested in a number of countries and sectors by UNDP's Oslo Governance Centre, and also draws upon FAO's expertise on forest governance and data collection, relies on a partnership between government, civil society, academia, and to a certain extent the private sector, to identify governance challenges, recommendations on how to overcome these, as well as robust data to track and monitor progress and/ or regression.

 

Status of PGA for REDD+ pilots

The UN-REDD Programme is currently piloting three PGA processes; Indonesia, Vietnam  and Nigeria (Ecuador earlier on), and have established a PGA Community of Practice to facilitate both the technical and practical exchange between the countries and involved practitioners. PGA work in these three countries have also informed the development of the

An overview showing the similarities and differences between these PGA pilots are available here. More information about the recent developments and activities in each of the pilots are available in these country folders;

 

Valuable breakthrough in Indonesia’s efforts towards improved REDD+ governance

After two years of extensive consultation and involvement from civil society actors, academia and the Government of Indonesia, the Participatory Governance Assessment for REDD+ (PGA) was launched in Jakarta on 6 May 2013. Dr. Kuntoro Mangkusubroto, Head of Indonesia’s REDD+ Preparedness Task Force/ the Presidential Working Unit for Supervision and Management of Development (UKP4), refers to the PGA process in Indonesia as a “most valuable contribution to the process of improving governance of forests, land and REDD+” and emphasized the importance of regular governance data updates to “track progress or regression” towards the baseline now available. The full PGA report in English is available here, whereas the Executive Summary may be found in English, Spanish and French.

 

Establishing a PGA community of practice and sharing early lessons

17-18 April 2012, PGA practitioners and stakeholders from the PGA pilot countries convened in Bogor, Indonesia, to share perspectives and early lessons learned on the PGA. A PGA for REDD+ Community of Practice was established, and recommendations for further piloting and programming were provided. Find the background documents, presentation and workshop report (both in English and Spanish) here.

 

Read more about the PGA approach here:

 

Practical information-sharing

 

PGA contact:

For more information about the PGA approach or the pilots, Tina Solvberg can be contacted at: +47 926 29 992 or

-- A body of work is being developed on Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), with regional workshops held in the three regions where the programme is operational. 

FPIC refers to the right of indigenous peoples to make the decision, based on full information and in advance of a proposed action, to give or withhold consent on activities that will affect their rights to their traditional resources. FPIC is a rights-based principle representing a particular expression of the right to self-determination. FPIC has gained some momentum over the last few decades and is now explicitly recognised in certain national and international legislation, including key instruments, such as the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People (UNDRIP) which was formally adopted in 2007.

Despite broad acceptance of the importance of the principles that FPIC embodies in terms of safeguarding the rights and self-determination of indigenous peoples, the difficulty of precisely defining, standardising and codifying FPIC emerge as barriers to its wider practical adoption. Driven by its commitment to adhere to international law and support equitable stakeholder engagement in REDD+, the UN-REDD Programme has made the challenge of defining a practical framework for FPIC's application to the actions of UN-REDD a focal point of its work. During 2010 the UN-REDD Programme has initiated pioneering work in supporting indigenous peoples' representatives and civil society to collaborate with each other in a global effort to develop FPIC definitions and guidelines that reflect stakeholder consensus and agreement. In parallel to this, the UN-REDD Programme has initiated FPIC pilot work to implement, test and refine methods with indigenous peoples at the local level. This rich body of work is contributing to broader global efforts to operationalise FPIC.

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A joint UN-REDD mission took place May 9-13 2011 in Lusaka, Zambia. Contact for more details.
November 2010

Zambia Launches Implementation of its UN-REDD National Programme.

Building on the work established by the first phase of the Integrated Land Use Assessment (ILUA), 2005-2008, the Zambian Deputy Minister of Tourism Environment and Natural Resources, Vera Tembo, and the United Nations Resident Coordinator, Kanni Wignaraja, launched the implementation of Zambia's UN-REDD National Programme along with the second phase of ILUA (ILUA II) in November 2010. 

More than 70 people from various organizations, NGOs, government ministries, academia, private sector, media, and civil society organizations participated in the November launch.

Read more

September 2010
 
On 20 September 2010 all signatures  - from the Zambia Government and UN agencies - were collected on the Zambia UN-REDD Programme document.
 
August 2010
 
Stakeholder meeting 11 August 2010. The national stakeholders reviewed the revised final UN-REDD Programme document and the response report that details the UN-REDD team responses to the issues raised by the Policy Board and the national validation meeting. The stakeholders recommended the approval of the Programme document, subject to submissions and amendments proposed in the meeting.  

June 2010: 

UN-REDD mission to Zambia 15-16 June 2010 : The mission aimed to build synergies between the Integrated Land Use Assessment programme Phase II and provide technical support to finalizing the elaboration period of the UN-REDD Programme. The mission succeeded in strengthening the alignment of the UN-REDD Programme with other environment and natural resources sector programmes, and agreeing on common institutional arrangements. The open discussions with national counterparts also helped to reach common understanding on the next steps and provided confidence that the programme can be signed within the six months period set by the Policy Board in March. All related documents are under All Documents >>REDD+ Pilot and Partner Countries >> Africa >> Zambia >> Missions or directly here

Elaboration of the Zambia UN-REDD Programme : Due to the lively discussion both in the in-country validation meeting and at the Policy Board, close to 50 separate issues were identified. The comments have then been divided to the participating UN organizations, national and international experts and the government representatives according to their respective strengths and knowledge. The compiled draft responses have been put together and reviewed by all parties. Some of the responses will lead to direct changes in the project document and adjustments in the budget allocations between the programme outputs.

March 2010:

Budget allocation approved during 4th meeting of the Policy Board. The Government of Zambia will now finalize the programme document and respond to comments gathered from the Policy Board, the UN-REDD Programme Secretariat, and UN agencies.

February 2010

The draft National Joint Programme was finalized and a validation meeting held on 26th February 2010. The meeting participants recommended for the NJP and the stakeholder views  expressed in the minutes of the meeting to be submitted to the UN-REDD Secretariat and consequent review at the UN-REDD Policy Board in Nairobi 17-19 March 2010. 

December 2009

  • 29 November - 4 December: Formulation mission and the validation of the draft National Joint Programme Document

With contributions from various stakeholders, the first draft of the National Joint Programme Development was produced in November. The mission was organized to seek further stakeholder inputs and validate the draft document. The mission comprised a UN-REDD Mission Team including UNDP, UNEP and FAO representatives and the international consultant. The mission aimed to

i) understand the significance of the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation;

ii) analyse possible modalities for channelling funds to reduce deforestation and forest degradation;

iii) analyse possibilities for the establishment of the national carbon accounting system;

iv) assess stakeholder acceptance and methods for stakeholder coordination;

v) acquire further information on current reforestation and afforestation activities; and

vi) conduct preliminary awareness raising and communications planning.

Within the four days the mission met various key stakeholders individually and in focus groups and participated on a wider stakeholder consultation meeting that further defined the institutional arrangement for the programme. Fruitful discussions were held with government officials, research community, civil society, traditional leadership and other stakeholders, leading to deeper understanding of the UN-REDD programme and the future national REDD mechanism. Issues and risks for REDD were also identified, including the need for a strong institutional arrangement and inter-sectoral cooperation to make REDD successful in Zambia

October 2009

Building on the input received during consultations, Zambia developed  a REDD readiness roadmap and draft zero of its National UN-REDD Programme. The roadmap has six outcomes:

Outcome 1: Capacity to manage REDD Readiness strengthened

Outcome 2: Broad based stakeholder support for REDD established

Outcome 3: National governance framework and institutional capacities strengthened

Outcome 4: REDD strategies identified, taking into account defining a transparent benefit sharing model, addressing the root causes of deforestation and forest degradation with appropriate activities that shift forest resource use patterns, and integrating the REDD strategy into long-term development strategies of the country.

Outcome 5: Capacity for capturing REDD elements in the national monitoring, reporting and verification system strengthened

Outcome 6: Reference scenario of forest emissions established

Next steps:

  • Submission of the Forest Policy and Amended Forests Act to the Cabinet
  • Strengthen the Readiness management arrangements accross Ministries and Government, and through ongoing stakeholder engagement

 September 2009

A mission comprising of the international consultant for National Joint Programme Development and FAO and UNDP regional representatives visited Zambia for 28-29 September.

On 29 September a stakeholder meeting of approximately 50 participants was organized in Lusaka, wih key participants from Civil Society, the Private sector, government institutions, Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources, Forestry Department, UNDP, FAO and UNEP. Comments and suggestions for the REDD Readiness Roadmap were received from stakeholders, on issues such asthe Institutional arrangements for the implementation of the programme, sharing experiences from other countries and The Readiness Plan Road map. The mission report can be found here.

  • The Government has confirmed that Forestry Department of the Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources will be leading the Programme Development process.
  • Forest Policy  has been reviewed through a stakeholders consultative process in all provinces, supported by nine consultants. The Policy review takes into account the REDD Agenda;strengthening the participatory forest management; climate change; and a clear definition of the protected area systems and environment mainstreaming.  
  • The Forest Act is also under review, pending support from a legal specialist.  
  • The Forestry Departmenr further refined the Readiness Outline that had been developed by the UN-REDD Programme mission in May. This will form the outline for the programme development work plan and will be further developed together with stakeholders.
  • An International Consultant has been recruited to support the development of the National Programme. Arrangements are made for a national counterpart.
  • Integrated Land Use Assessment (ILUA) has been completed with support from FAO and Finland. A carbon stock assessment is ongoing on this basis. ILUA phase II is commencing and is expected to improve the accuracy of the assessment and allow establishing a credible emissions baseline

Ongoing activities

  • Awareness-raising for relevant government institutions, civil society, and community based organisations and other NGOs is an ongoing process.
  • Consultations for institutional and implementation arrangements with government institutions and other stakeholders:
  • The Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources has set up the Climate Change Facilitation Unit which shall lead the process of developing a National Strategy on climate change activities in Zambia. A Technical Team comprises relevant governmental institutions and a number of civil society organisations.
  • Establishing reliable carbon assessment methodologies
The UN system through FAO has engaged an international consultant to analyze the ILUA data on Carbon Assessment and develop an appropriate methodology for Carbon Assessment (in reference to the Integrated Land Use and Assessment (ILUA) report that has been prepared in Zambia).

May 2009  

  • 4-8 May 2009: Scoping mission by the Global UN-REDD Programme Team

Headquarters personnel from FAO, UNEP and UNDP, visited Zambia to assist the country in preparing a National REDD programme and strategy. The team held consultations with the UN system in Zambia, Senior Government officials from the Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources, the Department of Forestry, the Climate Change Facilitation Unit, the Ministry of Community Development and Social Services the Ministry of Water and Energy Development, the Ministry of Lands, the Ministry of Trade, Commerce and Industry, the Ministry of Local Government and Housing, the Ministry of Finance, the Zambia Wildlife Authority, and Civil Society organizations.

  • A guiding roadmap for REDD has been developed and contains useful information for the preparation of the national programme document
 

Challenges

  

  • General limitations in human and physical capacities with regards to assessments of carbon, development of carbon projects, monitoring and evaluation of carbon increments as well as leakages, certification and reporting at national and local community levels.
  •  Capacity development is required at the national, district and local levels for:
  1.  Training in forest inventories and assessments including the use of remote sensing, GIS, satellite image analysis, mapping and database development and management
  2. Collection and assessment of social and development information.
  3. Support for physical infrastructure development including monitoring and management tools and carbon assessment.
  4. Improving technology to ensure monitoring, verification and reporting on climate change.
  5.  Appropriate mechanisms for clear and transparent incentive sharing are thus far limited. They will however be necessary for the established financial management systems to allow for the flow of funds to stakeholders


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The UN-REDD Programme works to support the full and effective engagement of indigenous peoples, other forest-dependent people, women, youth and civil society organizations in national and international REDD+ fora and initiatives; and assisting national and international REDD+ processes to establish transparent and accountable REDD+ guidelines and strategies that recognize and respect the rights of, and respond to the concerns of, these stakeholders.

At the Global level this is supported in a number of ways, through:

o    Increasing the capacity of these stakeholders to participate in international and national decision-making processes and creating entry points to support them to engage and meaningfully influence these decision-making processes;

o    Developing and supporting the implementation of principles, standards and guidelines for UN-REDD Programme activities that support these aims and provide a framework to uphold the rights of these stakeholders;

The UN-REDD Programme will also support and facilitate multi-stakeholder processes that contribute to other areas of work such as economic transformation, multiple benefit sharing and carbon monitoring. The sections below provide more information on these activities.

Stakeholder engagement and decision-making in REDD+

One important facet of the UN-REDD Programme’s body of work to uphold the rights of Indigenous Peoples (IP), local communities and civil society stakeholders, is centred on the need to support the full and effective participation of stakeholders in decision-making processes at the global levels of the UN-REDD Programme and in associated processes, such as the UNFCCC climate talks. These goals are supported in the following ways:

Ensuring representation on the UN-REDD Programme Policy Board - Indigenous Peoples and civil society organizations (CSOs) representatives are represented on the UN-REDD Programme Policy Board on an equal footing to countries, donors and implementing UN agencies/programmes. You can read more about the inclusion of Indigenous Peoples and CSOs on the Policy Board here.

Supporting capacity building and entry points into decision-making processes – The UN-REDD Programme actively supports IP and CSO representatives to effectively participate in other initiatives and processes in the sphere of REDD+ decision making. For instance, the UN-REDD Programme has supported IP and CSO representatives to attend: the annual UNFCCC CoP meetings; various REDD+ related CBD meetings, including the CBD Asia-Pacific regional consultation and capacity-building workshop on REDD+ (read more here); ….take from matrix

Principles, standards and guidelines on stakeholder engagement

The UN-REDD Programme is required to support agreements under the UNFCCC negotiations and fulfils its obligations to implement international instruments such as: the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), the International Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, ILO 169 and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Operationalizing the principles of these instruments into UN-REDD Programme activities is therefore an important objective.

In 2009 the UN-REDD Programme developed its Operational Guidance on the Engagement of Indigenous Peoples and other Forest Dependent Communities to inform the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of activities at the global and national level. This Operational Guidance is currently being harmonized with stakeholder engagement guidance provided by the World Bank hosted Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) for use in countries where both initiatives support REDD+ readiness activities. The initial draft version of this harmonized guidance Guidelines on Stakeholder Engagement in REDD+ Readiness with a focus on Indigenous Peoples and Forest Dependent Communities is currently being reviewed and finalized. You can read more information on the process behind the development of these guidance documents here.

Currently the UN-REDD Programme is developing guidelines for upholding the right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent and supporting recourse mechanisms. These guidelines will be finialised in August 2011 and appended to the joint Guidelines for Stakeholder Engagement. You can read more about this initiative here.

 

Country by country

  • Click on your country of interest on this interactive map : 


 

workspace-map---updated--June-2012 South Sudan Myanmar Tunisia Malawi Guinea Bissau Equatorial Guinea Chad

  •  or Click on each country's name below for more details:

(21) Countries receiving direct support: Argentina, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Cambodia, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo (the), Ecuador, IndonesiaMongolia, NigeriaPanama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Congo (the)Solomon Islands, Sri LankaThe Philippines, United Republic of Tanzania (the), Viet Nam, Zambia

(35) Other Partner countries: BeninBhutan, CameroonCentral African Republic (the), Chad, ChileCosta Rica, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, GuyanaHonduras, Kenya, Lao PDR (the), Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, MalaysiaMexico, Morocco, MyanmarNepal, Pakistan, PeruSouth Sudan, Sudan (the), Suriname, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda

Contact Information

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Groupe Travail Climat-REDD :

  • Abbé Willy Loyombo, Dynamique Groupes des Peuples Autochtones ()
  • Cyrille ADEBU, OCEAN / RRN () (+)
  • Adrien SINAFASI, DIPY / Dynamique Peuples Autochtones () (+)
  • Adolphine MULEY, Dynamique Peuples Autochtones ()
  • Barthélemy BOIKA, RRN ()
  • Kapupu Diwa, LINAPYCO ()
  • Bienvenu NGOY, GTF ()

 

(+) Members of the Task Force for Negotiations under UNFCCC and for REDD

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REDD Readiness in Tanzania *

The UN-REDD Programme and the FCPF have developed harmonized thinking on what constitutes REDD readiness. The readiness activities of Tanzania are analysed below through this framework.

001_Organize_and_Consult

 

Management of Readiness

The National REDD Framework in Tanzania has been designed around a "production chain "that includes clarification on the roles and responsibilities of different actors.

A National Task Force was established in March 2009, which will administer the process of developing a national strategy for REDD. The Task Force is constituted of six members, three from the Vice President Office's Division of Environment and three from the Ministry of Natural resourcesand Tourism's Forestry and Beekeeping Division. Three more members will be included from the academia, NGO and private sectors.

The Institute of Resource Assessment (IRA) of University of Dar es Salaam is the Secretariat of the National REDD Task Force Team. It has established and maintains the Tanzania REDD Initiative web site (http://www.reddtz.org), to support processes of establishing and implementing REDD programs in Tanzania. The website also transmits official documents, reports and announcements, and assists on raising awareness on REDD to relevant stakeholders and the public at large.

The government has put in place a National Climate Change Steering Committee (NCCSC) and a National Climate Change Technical Committee to oversee and guide the implementation of climate change activities in the country. In order to avoid overlaps and duplication of efforts, the same institutional arrangement will also apply for REDD activities. Strategy under the UN-REDD Tanzania Programme is embedded into the Tanzanian National Forest Programme, a framework with specific aims for elaborating the role of forests in national development.

The Forestry and Beekeeping Division will have important role in implementing, supervising and operationalizing REDD initiative. The government has established a unit within the Forest and Beekeeping Division (FBD), led by a REDD manager.Under the UN-REDD Programme, the FBD will develop its capacity to implement REDD (planning, monitoring and enforcement) in collaboration with other partners.

REDD activities will be based on the already existing initiative in the forestry sector such as Participatory Forest Management (PFM) that includes Joint Forest Management (JFM) and Community Based Forest Management (CBFM). Likewise, local Government will ensure smooth implementation of REDD related activities in their areas of jurisdiction. In addition, REDD coordination at district level will adhere to the existing institutional structure whereby Environmental Officers (as established by EMA, 2004) at district and Municipal levels will serve as coordinators for REDD activities in their respective areas.

Stakeholder participation and consultation

The national REDD strategy recognizes that involvment of local and indigenous communities is one of the very few effective means of controlling degradation over large areas, drawing from existing success stories in participatory forest management. The development of the National REDD Strategy is a continuous process involving series of consultations, stakeholders engagement, research and knowledge dissemination.

Activities under the UN-REDD Programme in Tanzania will seek to stimulate broad based stakeholder support for REDD in Tanzania. Stakeholder involvment is planned to start with awareness raising at the national level, through the development and implementation of an awareness programme around the issues raised by REDD, including the potential for REDD and how it may reduce carbon emissions. To build broad consensus with forest communities regarding the REDD framework, national and regional workshops are planned: Ward and Village representatives from selected Districts will provide stakeholders information on the potential for REDD, hear their concerns and build their understanding of the process. A pilot rural appraisal to establish community opin ions on the potential for REDD is also planned. Broad consensus built with forest communities regarding the REDD framework, with discussions to understand their concerns and build their understanding

Tanzania has also identified the need to support the creation of non-state umbrella organizations to bundle stakeholder interest, for example, to provide support and training in forest inventories and registering carbon stocks change in the national database.

 

 

Guidelines for stakeholders (NGOs, Public and private institutions) to access funding from REDD Funds under Norwegian support have been finalized.

002_Prepare_a_REDD_Strategy

Land Use, Forest Policy and Governance

The applicability of REDD will fall across a range of forest management types, which include nature reserves, government forest reserves, local authority forest reserves, private forests, village land forest reserves and village land in general.

With support from the World Bank and the Danish Government, a report commissioned by the Forestry and Beekeeping Division to review the past 15 years of experience with participatory forest management in Tanzania, asking critical questions on the degree to which it has achieved its objectives of restoring forests and improving livelihoods and drawing lessons learned. Conclusions regarding the legal basis for sharing costs and benefits, approaches to service delivery, monitoring and evaluation and safeguards to avoid leakage will inform the National REDD Strategy.

Further policy papers will be commissioned on:

  • Economic analyses of forest goods and services in select forest landscapes, and barriers to triggering sustainable forest management from unsustainable forest resource use

 

  • Economic analyses of nature-based adaptation options in forest landscapes to reduce vulnerability to human-induced climate change

Strategy Options

The purpose of the strategy is to develop policies and measures to address the drivers of deforestation identified in the assessment of land-use, forest policy and governance.

The facilitation of the development of a National REDD Strategy in Tanzania is one iniative to be funded within the partnership agreement established with the Government of Norway.

Various strategy options have been considered, and the main roll-out mechanism is considered to be Participatory Forest management, both community-based forest management and joint forest management. Specific analyses are underway reagrding what works and what does not in terms of forest management.

Under the UN-REDD Programme, cost curves for REDD in Tanzania will be established, allowing to calculate the costs of various ways of implementing REDD in Tanzania.

 

Implementation Framework

An assessment of the distribution of costs and benefits (social, private, budget etc) is planned. The UN-REDD Tanzania Programme also includes:

  • Developing and testing a decentralized governance framework in pilot districts, with the aim of putting in place a mechanism to provide finance from the central REDD agency and test its application down to the implementation level.

 

  • Sketching out a payment distribution system  that proposes a way that payments can be made to the local stakeholders who will be active in the forest management work on the ground. Under the National REDD Framework, fund management can take the form of direct payments, social or infrastructure services, direct employment, community evelopment grants or microcredit loans. To be optimal, solutions will likely be location-specific.

 

  • Designing a process to combine REDD payments with payments for non-carbon services, including a way to combine and integrate water Payment for ecosystem services (PES) and biodiversity with payment for carbon.

 

Social and environmental impacts

To assess the social and environmental impacts of the strategies and implementation policies and measures, the National REDD Framework in Tanzania production chain will include a social safeguards framework.

 

 

 

The baseline for forest area and deforestation is partly available for Tanzania, and further work will be necessary to provide the statistics relevant to establishing a reference scenario that builds on historical trends and takes into account national development projections.

 

004_Design_a_monitoring_system

Tanzania will implement a MRV system within the FBD/VPO. Towards this objective, capacity building on REDD MRV will first take the form of training on remote sensing, GIS, IPCC Good Practice Guidance, and will link to the Tanzanian National Inventory work. This includes:

  • A system for REDD information synthesis and sharing established at the FBD and linked to NAFOBEDA (National Forestry Database), which will include a mechanism for sharing data linked to the Forestry Database

 

  • Training provided to forest staff on measurement , reporting and verification, starting with training the relevant staff on how to establish MRV systems for REDD

 

  • Targeted fieldwork to calculate the degradation of forest habitats in specific areas across Tanzania.
  • Establishing simple maps of carbon distribution, linked to biodiversity and livelihoods, that can be used for advocacy purposes.

    Towards this mapping outcome, in November a two-week visit to the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, based in Cambridge, provided practical training to members of the FBD in geographic information systems whilst undertaking novel analysis of the distribution of carbon and co-benefits in Tanzania. This workshop produced : a new carbon map for Tanzania (see below), including estimates of carbon in biomass and soils to 1m depth, as well as analyses of the distribution of carbon in relation to human population, protected areas, key biodiversity areas and fire. These illustrate the extent to which areas that are high in carbon are also high in other benefits such as biodiversity, and conversely which forests are low in carbon but nevertheless offer ecosystem benefits.The visitors were also trained in the advanced use of ArcGIS 9 software, including an analytical toolbox, a copy of which was provided for use in Tanzania. 
    A colour report and poster resulting from this workshop were launched at Forest Day, 13 December 2009. 
  • Training on remote sensing tools for REDD+ in Tanzania

     

    The UN-REDD Programme in Tanzania assists the Government with the establishment of a national forest carbon Measuring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system as one of its key tasks and, in cooperation with NAFORMA, provides training to Government to achieve this.

     

    As part of capacity building for REDD+, the UN-REDD Programme in Tanzania is collaborating closely with the Finish-funded National Forest Resources Monitoring and Assessment of Tanzania (NAFORMA) Programme to train national experts in remote sensing and forest mapping.

     

    In early September 2010, experts from several national institutions followed an intensive remote sensing and Earth observation training course in Morogoro to improve their understanding of remote sensing tools and their applications in forest monitoring. This was followed by a 5-day training session on Open Source software which was held in Dar es Salaam. More than 15 Tanzanian technicians and forest officers participated in these training programs.

     

    The main objective of the training sessions was to strengthen national capacity and knowledge concerning remote sensing of forests. It was based on using Open Source software for spatial data analysis and remote sensing cartography, which both require strong national expertise. Satellite image interpretation was carried out by national technicians and officers, who had already benefited from FAO-led training.

     

    The NAFORMA project is currently undertaking a National Forest Inventory of Tanzania, based on field samples comprising biophysical, environmental and socio-economical parameters identified by national users and stakeholders. NAFORMA will produce a 2009/2010 Land Use Land Cover Map of Tanzania. UN-REDD activities are tuned to maximize synergy with the ongoing inventory and mapping work, to generate reliable figures for deforestation and forest degradation and the NAFORMA system of permanent sample sites will play a role in monitoring the future development regarding forest degradation in Tanzania.  

     

    In addition to the above in-country training, the global UN-REDD Programme, in collaboration with the Brazilian Institute for Space Research (INPE), is organising intensive training on the satellite forest monitoring system based on the INPE model. Experts from UNREDD member countries, including Tanzania, will be trained later this year in Brazil.

     

     

 

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November 2009

  • The Tanzania UN-REDD Programme was launched on 6 November 2009 in Morogoro, Tanzania. Special Guests at the launch were Dr. Ladislaus Komba, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT); Alain Noudehou, Country Director, UNDP; H.E. Jon Lomoy, Norwegian Ambassador; Donatius Kamamba, Director of Antiquities, MNRT; Patrick Qorro, Chairman, Tanzania Forest Conservation Group. Over 80 people from various national organizations, NGOs, government ministries, and community groups were on hand to celebrate the official launch of the UN-REDD Programme in Tanzania. In the spirit of national coordination, the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group Mjumita Community REDD project was also launched at the same event. A press conference was held on 5 November in Dar-es-Salaam to publicize the launch.
  • · A joint UN-REDD Programme/ FCPF work mission is planned
  • · With support from Government of Norway, Tanzania hosts a SADC (Southern Africa Development Community) REDD Conference on 18-20 November
  • · Towards the UNFCCC negotiations at COP-15

o Tanzania leads the Least Developed Countries group on climate change negotiations that will determine the future REDD regime at COP 15.

o The National Task force is preparing materials and presentations for COP-15 highlighting four areas: National REDD Strategy;  the current state of knowledge on national forest cover (Forestry and Beekeeping Division /FAO/WWF); Participatory Forest Management (Community Based and Joint Forest Management) at the national level, and application of lessons learned, with a focus on biodiversity conservation and other co-benefits (Forestry and Beekeeping Division and Tanzania Forest Conservation Group); and participatory MRV, or how to involve communities in forest monitoring.  A short film linking REDD and PFM activities in Tanzania is also being prepared.

 

September/October 2009:

  • National Programme finalized for endorsement by the government and the three UN agencies.
  • Staff is being recruited

August 2009

24 August: the National REDD initiative is launched in Dar es Salaam.

July 2009:

22 -23 July: A joint mission for the UN team is organized:

  • The Tanzania UN-REDD Programme was finalized through a consultative process involving the government and national stakeholders.
  • The final Programme document reflects the following changes :
  • · Programme extended to 2 years;
  • · Articulation of linkages by adding an inventory of all REDD initiatives in the country;
  • · Programme implementation mechanisms agreed to: i.e. as an integral part of ONE-UN in Tanzania under the Joint Program on Environment

June 2009

The National Forest Resources Monitoring and Assessment was launched in Dar- es Salaam, supported by the Finish Government with linkage to the UN-REDD Programme;

April to June 2009

Comments received from the Policy Board on the Tanzania UN-REDD Programme were shared with stakeholders. The comments addressed  the duration of the proposed UN-REDD programme; the need for a better articulation of the linkages with other REDD initiatives in Tanzania; the establishment of fund management arrangements.

March 2009

 

The Tanzania UN-REDD Programme Document was presented to the Policy Board at the occasion of its first meeting in March 2009, and the budget allocation was approved.

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UN-REDD in Tanzania

Budget: US$ 4.2 million
Timeframe: 18-24 months
Status: Inception Phase
Partner: Forest and Beekeeping Division of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism
 

The Tanzania UN-REDD Programme

Tanzania has a total of 33.5 million hectares of forests and woodlands according to the Forest Policy document (MNRT 1998), and these support the livelihoods of 87% of the rural poor (Milledge et al. 2007). With such levels of engagement in forests by rural people, Tanzanian forests provide a variety of goods and services including timber for construction and export, non-timber forest products,water supply, carbon storage and other services.

The Tanzania UN-REDD Programme will strengthen Tanzania’s readiness for REDD as a component of the Government’s evolving REDD Strategy, and is integrated with other REDD activities in the country. Interventions are planned over a period of 12 months, laying the ground work for activities in later years. The Initiative is an integral part of the ONE-UN Programme in Tanzania and the Joint Programme on Environment, which has the objective of
‘Increasing Funding for Environment Management from International Environment Funding Mechanisms with a
focus on Climate Change and natural resource management’.

The Tanzania UN-REDD Programme has the following outcomes:


Outcome 1: National governance framework and institutional capacities strengthened for REDD (led by UNDP)

Outcome 2: Increased capacity for capturing REDD elements within National Monitoring, Assessment,
Reporting and Verification Systems (led by FAO and UNEP)

Outcome 3: Improved capacity to manage REDD and provide other forest ecosystem services at district and
local levels (led by UNDP)

Outcome 4: Broad based stakeholder support for REDD in Tanzania (led by UNEP and UNDP)

These outcomes are aligned to the draft National strategy for REDD+ in Tanzania. It is expected that the existing programme of support will also help deliver a longer term package of assistance, linked to the goals of UN REDD and fully harmonized with the Tanzanian REDD+ Strategy and framework documents, and the donor assistance being provided by other countries.

 

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