National Programmes in Latin America and the Caribbean

Bolivia, Panama, and Paraguay receive assistance through the UN-REDD Programme.

 

 

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Talleres e información clave

  • Taller de capacitación e intercambio regional sobre REDD+ - Panamá - Octubre de 2011- Ver más
  • Taller sobre estimación de los costos de oportunidad y de implementación de REDD+ - Cali - Mayo de 2011 - Ver más
  • Taller sobre CLIP - Panamá - Octubre de 2010 - Ver más
  • Taller Regional sobre Estrategias Nacionales o Plan de Acción REDD+, 30 de julio al 1 de Agosto, Quito Ecuador - Ver Presentaciones

Foro de discusión

Oprimar aquí para aceder y compartir información e ideas en el foro interactivo de intercambio sobre LAC.

Recursos Claves

Países

Con programa nacional ONU-REDD : Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, PanamaParaguay
Otros países socios : Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Guatemala, GuyanaHondurasMexicoPeru, Suriname

Contactos en LAC

REDD Readiness in Paraguay (under construction)

Paraguay is currently elaborating its National UN-REDD Programme. Activities that will contribute to REDD-readiness  are presented below:

001_Organize_and_Consult

Paraguay has delegated the Minisitry of Environment (SEAM) as its leading entity for the UN-REDD process.

 

  • Technical team (Nacional Forestry Institute) will comprise INFONA, Ministry of Environment–SEAM, Coordinadora por la Autodeterminación de los Pueblos Indígenas –CAPI (Indigenous organization- CAPI)
  • UN REDD Working Group or Grupo Impulsor UNREDD
  • National Environment Council (“CONAM”)

SEAM and INFONA are preparing the implementation/coordination arrangements for the REDD process

 

Consultations are being held with Indigenous Peoples organizations for the preparation and validation of the UN-REDD Paraguay Programme. Two regional information workshops on CC, REDD and UN REDD were directed to IP organizations; workshops were attended by 28 IPO in the Chaco region and 25 IPO in southeastern region (Paraguay Presentation Oct 09).

The World Wildlife Foundation has offered to finance Indigenous Peoples training on climate change and REDD.

Since the new administration took office, Paraguay emphasized the commitment to clarity and consultations for the development process of the national programme. In the 3rd Policy Board Meeting, Paraguay stated, as preparation towards COP-15 and draft of the national programme, it is adjusting its policy on forests and climate change, and will lead a workshop to discuss its position with regard to the upcoming climate change negotiations (3PB Meeting Report Draft Nov 6, 2009).

 

 

Land Use

Paraguay’s current Forest Cover is 18,475 (1000 ha), 46.5% of land area. Its deforestation rate for 2000-2005 is -179 (1000 ha), -0.9% of land area

To initiate its REDD strategy, Paraguay is undertaking:

• An analysis of political and institutional factors to incorporate REDD into relevant laws and policies

• Identification of potential decentralization options to facilitate the implementation of REDD

• Collection and analysis of existing data related to deforestation and degradation

Implementation framework

A credible and transparent framework, clear ownership rights, and an equitable and efficient benefit distribution system will be required for the implementation of national REDD policies and measures.

Paraguay is working towards improved institutional and technical capacity of Government and Civil Society organizations to manage REDD activities.

Current activites in Paraguay are:

  • Analysis of legal, political, and institutional issues regarding the ownership of forest resources and carbon
  • Analysis of legal, political and institutional arrangements for the identification of potential carbon markets
  • Design and implementation mechanism for the transactions and transfer of payments to beneficiaries
  • Training

 

IDEA, a local NGO, is developing norms to facilitate the implementation of the 2006 National Law on Payments for Environmental Services which includes REDD as one of the key services.

The work of paraguay on REDD will be informed by the activities of the Poverty Environment Initiative (PEI) , expected to make a major contribution to the overall development policy of Paraguay by mainstreaming REDD into the economic and social (pro-poor) growth policies

 

 

 

003_Develop_a_reference_scenario

Paraguay is working towards developing a national system of carbon accounting and data management and a national system to measure and evaluate reduction of emissions from deforestation and degradation of forest (Paraguay presentation Oct 09).

 

To develop the national monitoring system, Paraguay is:

• Developing protocols for data and information collection and verification.

• Establishing a unit for national accounting system.

• Planning training and capacity building.

The UN REDD Paraguay Programme will complement other REDD initiatives undertaken by local universities and NGOs. For example, SEAM has obtained financing from JICA to install carbon monitoring devices and other equipment for an estimated value of US$ 3 m. Nevertheless, at the 3rd Policy Board meeting it was acknowledged that MRV at the local level should be further developed. Support to national MRV systems is a priority for the UN-REDD Programme activities, both in-country and at the global level (3PB Meeting Report Draft Nov 6).

Mainstreaming of REDD components in the plans, programmes and budgets of the related institutions, while at the same time strengthening their capacities is vital for Paraguay to achieve the state of readiness within the established timeframe and further develop MRV. In all phases of the NJP, the involvement of all sectors has been emphasized, and in particular those actors that are forest-dependent, in order to assure the approval and support of REDD and the activities to be developed under the framework of the programme (FAO).

ACTIVITIES

Using 1999 LANDSAT images, forest area estimates done by La Cooperación Técnica Japonesa (JICA) for the south-east part of country estimates that forest area coverage in Paraguay decreased from 21 157 in 1990 to 18 475 in 2005 bring the average deforestation rate to 178 834 hectares per year (FAO).

Paraguay also reported 43 000 hectares of forest plantations in 2005, and a planting rate of about 1300 hectares per year.

 

 

 

Sri Lanka institutions engaged in implementation of climate change interventions can be broadly grouped into three, namely:

1) the institutions directly under the Ministry of Environment;

2) Government agencies working on different aspects of climate change; and

3) the Non Governmental Sector, including private sector.

Entities under Ministry of Environment:

  • Designated National Authority for CDM, Climate Change Secretariat, Min. of Environment
  • Climate Change Secretariat – overall coordination and as the dedicated focal point for climate change work
  • National Ozone Unit for Montreal Protocol Programmes that include awareness on Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) and incentive programmes to replace CFC and HCFC’s plus improved recycling of ODS.
  • Two climate change study centers one associated with Meteorology Department and other with University of Peradeniya, Faculty of Agriculture
  • Forest Department – REDD (which has just been initiated)
  • Central Environment Authority – has a division for air emission regulation under  enforcement and also an entity called Air Resources Management Center, a data clearing body and a coordinating body that facilitate development of emission standards, mobile emission testing and fuel standards etc

Key Agencies outside Ministry of Environment:

  • Dept. of  Coast Conservation – working on coastal hazard profile development (UNDP supported) that include climate change (sea level rise, salinity and coastal erosion)
  • Department of Agriculture – working on drought hazard profile (UNDP supported) at national scale that also include climate change and adaptation measures. Also DoA deals with economics of climate change on agriculture and potential changes to crop varieties etc.
  • Department of Meteorology – Under the Ministry of Disaster Management – involved in downscaling climate change predictions and in charge of rainfall and weather data. Also responsible  for developing the Cyclone Hazard Profile (UNDP funded) for the country that will have climate components
  • Department of Irrigation – In charge of all major rivers and collecting of flow data in major rivers. Entrusted with developing the flood profile for the country (UNDP funded) and closely work with JICA in developing a number of river flow diversions type projects, also issues early warning for floods.
  • Mahaweli Authority – In charge of a number of major irrigation schemes. Work closely with Colombia University Climate group to develop weather forecasts etc. (www.climate.lk). Has the ability to introduce adaptation measures to farmer communities
  • National Building Research Organization (NBRO) – Under the Min. of Disaster Management, has a division named “Landslide Studies Division” that over the last 7 years mapped the landslide prone areas in the country. Is  in a position to include climate change in landslide hazards. NBRO is also entrusted to develop the Landslide Hazard Profile (UNDP supported).
  • Institute of Policy Studies: involved in studies in different economically important areas – established to evaluate government policies and has done a number of studies related to green accounting and climate change
  • Universities: There are number of Universities working on mitigation and adaptation of climate change. Most prominent universities are a) University of Moratuwa; b) University of Sri Jayawardenapura; c) University of Ruhuna; d) University of Peradeniya; e) Open University of Sri Lanka; f) Jaffna University; g) Eastern University and h) Wayamba University. These universities are government-affiliated.
  • Rice Research Development Institute – Successfully developed a number of paddy varieties and management practices to meet salinity and flooding conditions in paddy cultivation. Both conditions are expected to increase with climate change therefore, the interventions can be considered as pro-active adaptation initiatives (supported by UNDP)
  • Sustainable Energy Authority – supports policy studies on climate change adaptation and promotion of renewable energy. Implements a subsidy scheme and a tariff system to promote renewable energy such as mini-hydro, solar, dendro thermal, waste to energy etc.

Key Non Governmental entities (non-exhaustive)

  • Munasinghe Institute of Development (MIND) – engaged in research – founded by Prof. Mohan Munasinghe, former Co-Chair of UNFCCC (Nobel Price Winner)
  • Green Movement of Sri Lanka – a leading NGO supporting small grant activities that have climate change components
  • Nature Forum – an umbrella NGO with about 120 members – engage in small grants related to climate change, promotion of best practices to meet droughts, landslides and floods etc.
  • Sewa Lanka Foundation – a NGO supporting small grants and livelihood activities with links to climate change
  • Environment Foundation – a NGO supporting policy work that also included climate change and disaster risk reduction
  • Practical Action – a UK based NGO working with farmers on watershed management, disaster risk reduction and crop varieties
  • International Conservation Union (IUCN) – carry out studies and reviews and support small grants to promote adaptation.
  • Agro-based private sector companies and National Chambers of Commerce and Professional bodies on Plantations, Industry, Construction etc.
  • Bio-energy association of  Sri Lanka – promote biomass to energy techniques and systems

BACKSince 2008 the government of Ecuador has been actively participating to the international REDD negotiations and, in parallel, carrying on activities at a national level to build the foundations for the implementation of the mechanism in the country. Ecuador has realized impressive progress towards REDD+ readiness :

Institutional arrangements and engagement of stakeholders

  • the National Development Plan, designed under the leadership of the National Planning Office (SENPLADES), has set up stopping deforestation as one of its main objectives; the Ministry of Environment is in charge of implementing the strategy to achieve this objective.

 

  • In 2009, a participatory process to build the National REDD+ strategy has started with a number of workshops held with representative from civil society. This year, the process will be expanded by having thematic workshops according to the elements of the Strategy. In addition, the Ministry is going to create a preliminary capacity building programme of REDD+ for indigenous people. At the moment a map of stakeholders has been created in order to identify those who are relevant at this stage and define the best way to approach them. This was one of the purposes of the REDD national dialogue organized in Ecuador from the 14 to the 18th of June 2010, which conclusions and recommendations will enrich the UN-REDD joint mission to come.
  • This year, the Ministry has also started a technical cooperation with GTZ. They are supporting Ecuador in the development of several studies such as:
- defining a methodology to identify drivers of deforestation
- determining opportunity-costs and suggesting possible incentives to reduce deforestation (in addition to the Socio Bosque)
- developing two REDD+ demonstration activities
- capacity building workshops on climate change and REDD+
- strengthening of the Socio Bosque Program
  • Other complimentary activities will be developed in 2010 with the support of the German cooperation, such as: the financial architecture that determines how REDD+ will support the Socio Bosque incentive scheme; the definition of the methodology for the “reference level scenario for emissions from deforestation”; and financial support for the field-data-collection phase of the two projects Deforestation Baseline and National Forest Inventory. The previous activities constitute part of the preparation for the implementation of a programme named “Forest and REDD” to be supported by the German Financial Cooperation, KfW.
REDD Strategy
  • The Socio Bosque Programme is the domestic incentive-based policy for the conservation of native forests, launched in September 2008. Since December 2009, conservation agreements have been signed for 416.509 hectares benefiting to more than 40.000 persons. The investment of the government for the provision of incentives was of US$ 2.073.933 as of December 2009. The goal for 2010 is to sign conservation agreement for 200.000 additional hectares. During 2010, it is also planned to strengthen the Socio Bosque, mainly through joint implementation and assessment of the beneficiaries’ “social investment plans” and by performing Socio Bosque’s monitoring system.
  • For the Ministry of Environment, it is important to deliver social and environmental benefits from the implementation of REDD+ activities. Because of this, the government started a work plan with CCBA in 2009, to develop the “REDD+ Social and Environmental Standards” that could be applied for REDD National Programmes on a voluntary basis. Last year, the Ministry worked to build up a set of principles, criteria and indicators for the Standards. In July 2010, the second phase of the work plan will be initiated, which aims at developing a national interpretation of the Standards, adapting to Ecuador’s national circumstances and to test them in the context of Ecuador’s National REDD+ Strategy to demonstrate compliance with the principles, criteria and indicators.
  • The Ministry has also started the definition of the legal and institutional framework for environmental services, including REDD+ activities. To accomplish this goal, it is planned to develop three studies to understand how environmental services work. Those studies are expected to provide inputs to be considered as part of the legal framework. The expectation is to finish the studies during the first semester of 2010, and it is expected that they will provide input for the definition of suggested environmental services legislation, which is scheduled to begin in the 2nd half of 2010: 
    • The first study intends to analyze the legal, financial and institutional framework already developed or being developed at an international level;
    • The second one analyzes Ecuador’s legal framework and future norms that might influence environmental services legislation,
    • The third one seeks to understand how environmental services work and study other scheme of payment of environmental services already being implemented in Ecuador.
  •  
  • The ministry is also willing to create a REDD+ pilot projects portfolio in order to complement the REDD+ strategy in a learning-by-doing process. Three different ways to develop REDD projects in Ecuador have been identified: one through the Socio Bosque scheme, the second in areas that are not part of the Socio Bosque Program, and the third one in areas of jurisdiction of the Ministry of Environment (such as the National Forest Patrimony).

Monitoring systems and reference scenario

  • The Ministry is leading two projects:
     
    • National Forest Inventory : the development of the methodologies, with technical support from FAO and other local and regional experts, is now finalized. A final validation of the methodologies will take place late July 2010. After the validation process is completed, the field data collection phase will start. It is expected to have the first results of the deforestation rate for the Amazon region in August.
    • As soon as these first results are reached, the development of the “reference level scenario from deforestation” will start.  
  •  
     
  • These project counts with the technical support of regional experts and includes an historical analysis of deforestation through a multi-temporal land use change analysis, using remote sensing.    
  •  
    BACK
     

The Group for Climate Change Mitigation of the Ministry of Environment, Housing and Land Management was established in 2003 to take advantage of the opportunities arising from the CDM. Nowadays, this Group is in charge of mitigation and adaptation to climate change, including REDD.

  • The Ministry of Environment, Housing and Land Management is in charge of the environmental policy in Colombia. It is at the same time, the rector of the National Environmental System (a network if institutions with environmental responsibilities at national and regional levels). Within the Vice ministry of Environment, the Group for Climate Change Mitigation is in charge of registering adaptation and mitigation projects (they provide technical support and give a primary approval); contributes to the elaboration of the National Communications for the UNFCC; participates in the international negotiations and contributes to the coordination of climate change initiatives and the definition of policies. In relation to mitigation, this Group gives technical support to different sectors: energy, industry, urban solid residues, transport, forestry and water. In adaptation, they support the health and risk management sectors.
  • The Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies of the Ministry of Environment, Housing and Land Management. Since 1993, it is in charge of the elaboration of the National Communications on Climate Change for the UNFCC and the development of the national climate change scenarios. Additionally, it is the national entity designated for the implementation of the two national pilots in adaptation (one with the WB, and other with the UNS). The Institute directs and coordinates the National Environmental Information System and it is responsible of the administration of the national meteorological network, the hydrological information, the national forest inventory, etc. The Institute has a working group on climate change within the Sub direction of Environmental Studies and participates in the official delegation for the climate change international negotiations.
  • The National Department of Planning is an Administrative Department of the Executive Power that depends directly from the Presidency. It is a technical entity that supports the Government in the decision-making process and it is equivalent to a Ministry but without legislative competences. The National Department of Planning fosters a strategic vision in the country, through the design, orientation and evaluation of national public policies, assignment of resources and public investment and the formulation of governmental plans, programmes and projects. The National Department of Planning has a Environmental and Sustainable Development Group, that since 2007 has the responsibility of designing the national policy on climate change that will define responsibilities, objectives, goals, indicators, timeframe, budget and institutional arrangement.
  • Other Ministries are starting to work in climate change as an effort to have a programmatic approach: the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the National Institute of Health of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the Direction of Integrated Risk Management of the Ministry of Interior and Justice, the Treasury and the Presidency Agency for Social Action.
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