Governance

 

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Overview

 

The PGA in Vietnam has actively involved stakeholders from civil society and government to analyze and address governance challenges faced in REDD+ preparations and implementation, mostly through a Provincial Working Group established in Lam Dong province, but also through its Expert Panel established earlier in 2014. By building on stakeholder demand for more expertise and by looking to Indonesia in terms of organizational structure of the PGA pilot there, a small and representative group was established mandated to be overall responsible for the strategic direction of the PGA process in Vietnam but also to take decisions on the scope, indicators and data collection methods. The Expert Group is actively considering the inputs from the Provincial Working Group before decisions are taken, and a lot of weight is given to clearly demonstrate to stakeholders how their views and inputs are translated into the further progress of the PGA process - or if it is not, then explaining why other options were preferred.

Currently the aim is to launch the baseline PGA report in Vietnam by June 2014. The report will include an overall analysis of the governance challenges Vietnam faces in their REDD+ efforts, robust data on the prioritized governance areas, as well as a set of recommendations for how to overcome these challenges. Once the findings and recommendations are available, follow-up actions on the recommendations will be prioritized.

The work plan for the PGA in Vietnam for 2014 (quarters 1 and 2) is available here.

 

 

               
Thao Do is the PGA Coordinator for the PGA process in Vietnam;

 

(Updated 11/3/14)

Key documents may be found here

More information about UN-REDD in Viet Nam on the Viet Nam page

 

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Overview and updates: Ecuador ensures the PGA feeds into the Safeguards Information System

Through several meetings the Mesa Nacional (REDD+ National Working Group) has recognized the importance of the PGA process in eventually providing
governance data indicators to the Safeguards Information System (SIS), and has confirmed its interest on providing feedback and to oversee the PGA process in Ecuador. 

 

Several regional workshops are planned for 2014 in the Amazon Region mainly, where local stakeholders are expected to support in the narrowing/ prioritization of governance indicators to be included in the Safeguards Information System. These workshops will focus on: 1: Identifying relevant actors, roles and context of
provincial level governance, 2: Capacity-strengthening of local stakeholders on climate change and REDD+, and 3: Evaluation and analysis of governance issues related to REDD+. Once this is completed, the PGA will be able to support on consolidating a governance indicator framework as part of the national Safeguards Information System. Work will shortly intensify to ensure the governance indicators are compatible with the SIS.

For more information about the PGA process in Ecuador, Diego Avalos (PGA facilitator, Quito) can be contacted at:

(Updated 11/3/14) 

Key PGA- Ecuador documents may be found here 

More information about UN-REDD in Ecuador on the Ecuador  page

 

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Overview

In Indonesia, the preparatory work for the PGA started already in May 2011. A comprehensive PGA report with baseline governance data for both the national and sub-national level, as well as recommendations for how to improve identified shortcomings, gaps and bottlenecks was launched in May 2013 in Bahasa, and then in June the English version was launched in Lombok during a Pre-PB10 Information Session on the PGA process in Indonesia.

You may read more on the launch in Jakarta here. The full English report is available here, and the Executive Summary is available in French, Spanish and English.

More details about the process (actos, scope, key findings etc.) in Indonesia are available in the following versions of the  PGA Fast Facts on the PGA pilot in Indonesia; French, Spanish and English.

 

2014 priorities:

Currently, the focus of the PGA in Indonesia is both to update PGA report with data for 2014 (to monitor and track progress) based on a refined indicator set, but also to follow up and ensure that the PGA data is used actively - including implementation of recommendations - by the Indonesian stakeholders as was the intention from the onset. 

Examples on how the PGA data is being used to improve forest and REDD+ governance in Indonesia are revision of 12 ministry regulations related to the forest permit system (integration with the UN-REDD anti-corruption work), developing of sanctions for public officials to comply with the standards and encourage non-corrupt practices (led by UKP4), and the establishing of a conflict resolution mechanism (in progress). Further, at the provincial level work will continue in Jambi upon their request to develop an online forest conflict map to monitor on-going conflicts which in turn will better inform the provincial governments in their policy-making and interventions as well as a province-specific PGA index to monitor the REDD+ process over time. South-Sumatra, on the other hand has requested a more thorough analysis, comparing the PGA findings with the financial resources available at the provincial level to more strategically make use of existing resources while at the same time addressing the recommendations for improved governance - in other words; strategic and realistic options for policy reform in South-Sumatra.

The newly established Indoensian REDD+ Agency has requested that the PGA report is updated for 2014 as well, by building on the same process as earlier - inputs from district, province and national level stakeholders and the well-established organizational structure in Indonesia and has also indicated that the PGA may serve the purpose of monitoring the REDD+ process in Indonesia.

  "The PGA is particularly important to the overall REDD+ process as it provides robust data on the status of governance at the district, provincial and national level and   enable us to better address both the weaknesses identified but also get to the root of deforestation. Combining on one hand inclusiveness and transparency, and on the other the technical and methodological framework needed to get robust governance data that all stakeholders view as legitimate, the PGA provides the necessary tool for forest governance. From Indonesia’s perspective, there is no doubt that the success of Indonesia’s REDD+ process depends on good forest governance. The Indonesian REDD+ Agency will apply the PGA data and recommendations in a number of ways; especially as an evaluation tool to assess Indonesia’s overall REDD+ performance. The PGA process may be a model in which Indonesia will use to build for its integrated and holistic approach to REDD+"

                                                                                                                                               Pak Heru Prasetyo, Head of the Indonesian REDD+ Agency

 

Abdul Wahib Situmorang, is the PGA coordinator for the Indonesian PGA pilot and is based in Jakarta. He can be reached at
 

(Updated 13/3/14)

 

Partners

Key Documents

More information about the UN-REDD Programme in Indonesia

 

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Overview

In May 2011, a brainstorming workshop was held with key Nigerian REDD+ stakeholders from federal and state levels in Lagos, during which consensus was reached on the value of developing PGAs for REDD+ in Nigeria. The workshop also identified key governance issues which should be assessed, and on a broad timeline and steps for the first phase of Nigeria's PGA process, which will be from July until December 2011.

From 16-17 January 2013, federal and state level stakeholders representing civil society, local communities and government gathered in Calabar in Cross River State, Nigeria, to both build on previous work within the PGA process as well as recent preliminary governance research conducted in Cross River State. This workshop aimed to secure an understanding amongst the relevant PGA stakeholders, discuss practical issues related to the further process and agree on a management structure fit for the Nigerian context, and reach consensus on priority governance issues before further action on tackling the governance challenges that Nigeria is facing in their REDD+ preparedness process. The following governance issues were agreed for the PGA process in Nigeria:

  • Broad and informed participation of REDD+ stakeholders
  • Harmonization of policy and legal framework for REDD+
  • Transparency and accountability of the REDD+ process and finance
  • Inter-governmental relations and coordination

 On the 18th of January 2013, a smaller seminar and training session with selected members from the larger PGA stakeholder group went more in depth on issues related to indicator development to measure the quality of or progress (or lack thereof) on the selected governance issues and considerations when selecting the
appropriate data collection methodologies. This meeting also aims to agree on a broad structure for the indicator set of the PGA in Nigeria.

 

More background information about the workshop and indicator training, next steps agreed, the organizational structure of the PGA in Nigeria, and the rough draft of the indicator set may be found here:

http://www.unredd.netindex.php?option=com_docman&Itemid=134&view=list&slug=pga-consultation-workshop-calabar-nigeria-16-18-january-2013-2728

 (Updated 19/2/14)

Rosemary Obo () can be contacted for questions regarding the PGA in Nigeria.

 

Key documents may be found here

More information about UN-REDD in Nigeria on the Nigeria page

Upcoming Events

 

  • Preparation workshop for field testing of indicators and data collection; Lam Dong, Vietnam, 23-24 July 2013. More information is available here

   

Past Events

 

2013

  • Launch of the English version of the PGA report in Indonesia during the pre-PB10 Information Session on the PGA process and results in Indonesia on 25 June in Lombok, with the Executive Summary available in French,Spanish and English  Also see the Pre-PB10 Information Session folder for more background documents and speeches here.

  • Official launch of the Indonesian PGA report in Bahasa in Jakarta on May 6 2013 - you can find more information about the launch here
    and download the Executive Summary in French,Spanish and English, as well as the full report (English version)

  • Indicator training, Dalat in Vietnam 16-17 April; capacity building of key PGA stakeholders at the provincial level to go through key considerations on indicator development and rough drafting of governance indicators for the PGA (based on prioritization agreed in March). More information available here
  • Provincial consultation workshop, Dalat in Vietnam 6 March, for validation of Institutional and Context Analysis research, analysis of governance challenges and prioritization of governance issues for the PGA to cover. More information and background documents available here
  • PGA consultation workshop and training (indicator development and data collection methods) in Calabar, Nigeria (16-18 January). More information and background documents available here

 

2012

  • Validation of PGA data with national and provinicial level stakeholders in Jakarta 29 October - agenda available here

  • National workshop for the socialization of the PGA approach and to agree on the road map for the PGA for REDD+ pilot in Ecuador (20 August in Quito) - read more here

  • South-South Exchange for PGA pilot participants and practitioners (Bogor, Indonesia, 17-18 April). More details here.

  • National kick-off workshop for key stakeholders for the PGA for REDD+ pilot in Vietnam (Hanoi, March 6). More details here.
  • Working meeting on the PGA indicators in Indonesia with the Expert Panel for the PGA pilot (Bogor, 14-15 February 2012). More details here.  

2011

  • Presentation and discussion of the PGA for REDD+ pilot in Vietnam during the Sub-Technical Working Group on Governance (Hanoi, 21 November 2011). More details here.  
  • Exploratory workshop with key stakeholders in Quito (18-19 November 2011) to identify relevant entry points for the PGA for REDD+ pilot in Ecuador and to discuss and plan the preparatory phase. More details and presentations can be found here.
  • Oslo Governance Forum (3-5 October 2011) with a separate track on "Governance for REDD+ and Natural Resource Management". See details and reports under the OGF folder
  • Participation in the GFI stakeholders workshop organized by WRI. May 26-27 2011. See details here
  • Presentation of the guidance framework on providing information on governance safeguards : FAO headquarters, Rome, 15-16 May 2011. More details here
  • Workshop in Abuja, Nigeria (18-19 May 2011) on the possible relevance and scope of a PGA for REDD+ pilot in Nigeria. More details here  
  • Meeting of the Advisory Group on Monitoring REDD+ Governance: FAO Headquarters, Rome, 3-4 March 2011. For more information click here
  • Participation in the 5th Global Conference of the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative:  Paris, France, 2-3 March 2011

2010

  • 18-19 November 2010: Monitoring of Governance for REDD+
    Rome, Italy.For more information click here 
  • 15-17 November 2010: Land tenure issues and requirements for implementing climate change mitigation policies in the forestry and agriculture sectors. Rome, Italy.For more information click here (FAO web site)
  • 13 November 2010 : Workshop on Corruption and REDD+ at the 14th international Anti-Corruption Conference, organized with GTZ. More details here (workspace folder)
  • On 31 August 2010 the UN-REDD Programme organized a roundtable at the Oaxaca Workshop on forest governance, decentralisation and REDD in Latin America. Presentations, reports and more here 
  • On 5 August 2010 in Bonn the UN-REDD Programme convened  a side event to take stock of specific governance elements necessary for the success of REDD+, and facilitated a dialogue about existing governance initiatives that relate to REDD+ readiness and how to enhance country ownership of REDD+ governance. Presentations and report here 
  • On 24-25 May 2010 the UN-REDD Programme and Chatham House organized a workshop on monitoring governance safeguards on REDD+ in London, in collaboration with the World Resources Institute and Global Witness. Participants list, agenda and report are available here

To develop and implement its activities the UN-REDD Programme enrolls the expertise of UNDP's Democratic Governance Group, including the Oslo Governance Centre and the Anti - Corruption service area, as well as FAO's MRV, forest and land tenure experts.

At the institutional level, the UN-REDD programme draws on the expertise and engages and collaborates with organizations such as CIFOR; the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility; Chatham House; Global WitnessIDESAM ; Rights and Resources Initiative; Transparency International; the World Resources Institute; and many others.

Why will good governance be essential to the success of REDD+ ?


Payments under a REDD+ mechanism are to be made for changes in land-use and better stewardship of forest resources. This, however, can only be achieved if the socio-economic drivers of deforestation and degradation are addressed and current users have sufficient confidence in the REDD+ mechanism to change the way they use forest resources. This will not be easy, as current emission-intensive uses of forest resources are often an important source of foreign exchange, energy, food security, new settlements or employment.

In this context, good and efficient governance of forest resources and the distribution of benefits will be central to the success of REDD+ policies and measures. If the allocation of forest or carbon rights is opaque and uncertain, or if corruption is perceived as high, stakeholders will not take the risk of forgoing the income they derive from their current uses of forest resources.

Meanwhile, when the rights of forest dependent communities are violated or communities are marginalized, investors, weary of insecure business environments and unpredictable emission reductions, are deterred. In addition, REDD+ systems may have to be robust enough to withstand shocks such as fluctuations in carbon prices, rises in the prices of commodities, changes in governments that could all undermine confidence.

Results from mitigation activities should be reliable to guarantee a well functioning REDD+ mechanism, with roots in effective and inclusive governance systems. One of the fundamental challenges of REDD+ is the establishment of robust and transparent forest monitoring systems in developing countries including monitoring of governance.

UN-REDD Support Activities: towards Effective and Inclusive National Governance Systems for REDD+

early readiness efforts supported by the UN-REDD Programme have focused on governance interventions that governments and national stakeholders have identified as priorities, such as:

  • Stakeholder consultation and participation in REDD+ planning and implementation.
  • Cross-sectoral coordination in REDD+ planning and implementation.
  • Legislative review towards reform & enforcement.

These activities are initial steps to build transparent and accountable national REDD+ systems & processes.

To further this support in REDD+ partner countries, UNDP, the leading agency on governance issues for the UN-REDD Programme, is developing a comprehensive approach on how to support effective and inclusive national governance systems for REDD+. This support will include:

o Support to transparency and accountability in REDD+ systems - by drawing on the expertise of and activities of UNDP's work on anti-corruption

o Support to REDD+ "policy enablers", initiated using participatory governance assessments followed by user capacity development, evidence-based policy-making, following up on the guidance for providing information on governance that was developed with FAO

  • Strengthened national legislative frameworks.
  • Develop climate change mitigation policies that concern forestry and agriculture sectors and build on payment for environmental services (PES) schemes will have to address land and resource tenure in order to foresee, plan and distribute risks and benefits of the mechanisms. Introducing payment schemes without a clear understanding of who is – or should be – entitled to the benefits and responsible for the costs can potentially endanger resource access for vulnerable communities as well as deterring investments.
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