Transparent & Equitable Management of REDD+ funds

Anti Corruption support to REDD+ countries is closely linked to several elements of the UNFCCC Warsaw framework:

  1. National strategies and action plans:
    • Assessments of how corruption, along with other governance weaknesses, enables certain drivers of deforestation and degradation and barriers to conservation, sustainable management of forests and the enhancement of forest carbon stocks.
    • Assessments of how corruption risks could make certain REDD+ policies and measures more or less successful, helping them define and refine them
    • Ensuring accountability systems to monitor the effectiveness of REDD+ policies and measures
    • Integrity in the management of REDD+ funds

  2. Safeguards: ensuring that integrity, anti corruption, transparency and accountability are part of REDD+ countries' approach to safeguards, especially under Cancun safeguard 2b.

The UN-REDD Programme is or has supported Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, the Philippines, Malawi, Mongolia, Nepal, Peru and Kenya,  on their efforts on anti-corruption for REDD+. These efforts take the shape of :  

  • analysing the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation from a governance and anti corruption perspective (Nepal, Kenya, Bhutan (ongoing), Peru (internal), Bangladesh (ongoing), Philippines
  • in-depth evaluations of a particular issue such as briberies in the allocation of forest permits (Indonesia) or effectiveness of forest law enforcement in weak governance contexts (Indonesia)
  • assessing potential governance obstacles to certain REDD+ policies and measures (see Nepal proposal, Mongolia proposal).
  • integrating anti corruption in REDD+ awareness –raising campaigns (Peru, Kenya)
  • trainings to increase the capacity of civil society, ministries in charge of REDD+ and anti-corruption or other oversight bodies
  • technical guidance is provided in countries such as Indonesia, Nigeria  and Viet Nam where anti corruption has been identified as a priority theme under the PGAs to formulate SMART anti-corruption, transparency and/or accountability indicators

 

Guidance and Resources

All UN-REDD produced awareness, knowledge and guidance materials on anti-corruption may be found HERE. These include:

1) Global publications

 2) Country -specific publications

In other countries where support was provided, reports have not been made publicly available because of the sensitive nature of the topics covered. 

Updates

  • In May 2015 Indonesia launched a report titled "Towards Better Forest Governance for REDD+ in Indonesia:An Evaluation of the Forest Licensing System", which can be downloaded at http://tinyurl.com/Indonesia-forest-license. The study assesses, for 6 permits that can be applied to online, criteria such as transparency, professionalism, bribes, etc as experienced by over 100 licenses applicants, as well as perceptions of over 20 service providers, including on pressures received during the licensing process. While there are some expected differences in perception, people who have applied for licenses and civil servants concur on several aspects
    • lack of timeliness
    • unofficial fees that service users have to pay
    • incomplete access to information online
    • lack of independence of service providers from their supervisors (putting pressure to allocate permit)
    • favorable treatments for better-connected large scale companies
  • In February 2015,  UN-REDD, UNDP and Transparency International released an e-learning module on “Building Integrity in REDD+ “ : http://courses.transparency.org/

  • In November 2014 UN-REDD participated in the REDD Integrity Roundtable , organized by U4, the Anti Corruption Research Centre, to provide orientation into their REDD+ Integrity Project

  • On 27 November 2014, high level officials from the Kenya Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources, the Ethics and Anti Corruption Commission, Transparency International Kenya and UNDP Kenya gathered to launch the National Task Force on Anti Corruption for REDD+ to a public and media audience. See the press release and high level statements.

  • UN-REDD Policy Board Information Session on sharing national experiences on transparency,accountability and integrity for REDD+ , Geneva 8 December 2013

  • The First Latin American Forum on " How Preventing Corruption in REDD+ will help REDD+ Meet its Climate Change and Development Objectives", was held in Lima, Peru, on 29-31 January 2013.

  • On 27 September 2012 the UN-REDD Programme, Interpol ad UNEP Grid Arendal held a side event at COFO and World's Forest week in Rome on "llegal logging, corruption, tax fraud and laundering in the World’s tropical forests and its implications for REDD+" . Please see details here

  • In June 2012 the UN-REDD Programme presented how it supports countries' early initiatives to prevent corruption in REDD+ during two seminars in Norway
    .
  • The first seminar, "Why preventing and combatting corruption is crucial for the success of REDD+" was organized on 14 June by the Norwegian Development Agency (Norad) as part of its Climate and Environment Seminar series

  • The second seminar, "Facing the realities of corruption and REDD+" was organized on 15 June by U4/Chr Michelsen Institute in Bergen. A video record is now available.

  • A regional workshop to "Strengthen Transparency and Accountability for REDD+ in Africa" is organized in Lusaka, Zambia on 24-26 April 2012 to find collective answers to these questions. The objective of the workshop is raise awareness on why corruption risks in REDD+ should be addressed now, and build capacities on how  to do so.

  • An awareness raising event on anti corruption for REDD+ targeting REDD+ national focal points, civil society organizations and UN staff in Asia and the Pacific was organized in Bangkok, Thailand on 20-21 October. It included a half-day dedicated to training civil society stakeholders on assessing corruption risks in REDD+, in partnership with Transparency International. Read More

  • The "Anti-Corruption for REDD+ Strategy and Planning Meeting" held in Kathmandu, Nepal, on 10- 11 October 2011, gathered anti-corruption practitioners from 12 countries in Asia and the Pacific to identify strategic entry points for UNDP to mitigate corruption risks in REDD+ through its Anti-Corruption and UN-REDD Programmes at the country level. Read more. All related documents (participants list, agenda, presentations, report) may be found here.
  • An awareness raising event on anti corruption for REDD+ targeting REDD+ national focal points, civil society organizations and UN staff in Asia and the Pacific was organized in Bangkok, Thailand on 20-21 October. It included a half-day dedicated to training civil society stakeholders on assessing corruption risks in REDD+, in partnership with Transparency International. Read More

  • The "Anti-Corruption for REDD+ Strategy and Planning Meeting" held in Kathmandu, Nepal, on 10- 11 October 2011, gathered anti-corruption practitioners from 12 countries in Asia and the Pacific to identify strategic entry points for UNDP to mitigate corruption risks in REDD+ through its Anti-Corruption and UN-REDD Programmes at the country level. Read more 
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