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08 October 2010
English

Potential links between monitoring for multiple benefits of REDD+ and the monitoring requirements of the Rio Conventions

uploaded by Emily Dunning

This paper investigates how efforts to set up monitoring and indicator systems for the multiple benefits of REDD+ can benefit from and/or support the relevant work that has already been initiated or completed under the Rio Conventions. The analysis shows that there is a significant amount of overlap between the subjects addressed by existing or emerging monitoring activities under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and the UNFCCC, and the types of data that countries might wish to obtain in order to track the multiple benefits of REDD+. At the same time, due to the differences in mandate and focus of the various processes, there are also discrepancies with regard to the design of indicators and methods for data collection. However, there is still clearly a high potential for mutual support between current work on monitoring under the Rio Conventions and any new schemes to be set up within the context of REDD+. These opportunities should be used to enable a more efficient and coherent implementation of multilateral environmental agreements.

01 October 2010
English

Carbon and biodiversity relationships in tropical forests

uploaded by Emily Dunning

This paper provides an overview of the current state of knowledge regarding relationships between carbon and biodiversity in tropical forests.

• At a global scale, tropical forests provide some of the highest levels of biomass carbon storage, productivity and biodiversity.

• Within tropical forests, spatial patterns of carbon dynamics and biodiversity are complex, with limited correlations between these variables.

• There are a number of environmental and historical factors that may have caused the observed variations in carbon dynamics and biodiversity across the tropics.

• The degree to which direct causal relationships exist between carbon dynamics and biodiversity in tropical forests is still uncertain, although experimental work in other ecosystems has shown that biodiversity often promotes productivity and stability.

• Areas of ongoing uncertainty include: the temporal variability of ecosystem processes and their response to environmental change; the importance of interactions between species, and the quantification of carbon stocks and fluxes in tropical soils and below-ground biomass

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