Economic analyses

Documents

08 September 2015
French

Le rôle des forêts dans la transformation vers une économie verte en Afrique

uploaded by Mihaela Secrieru

 

Ce rapport présente une analyse du rôle des forêts d'Afrique dans l'avenir des économies vertes du continent. Il dénonce des réalités sombres et problématiques pour les populations, les marchés et les écosystèmes d'Afrique du fait de la déforestation et de la dégradation constantes des forêts. Toutefois, il offre aussi un aperçu du potentiel positif des forêts alors que les pays s'orientent vers des économies vertes durables et efficaces dans l'utilisation qu'elles font des ressources.

S'appuyant sur des études de cas issues de l'Afrique du Sud, du Cameroun, de l'Éthiopie, du Ghana, du Kenya et du Mozambique, ce rapport se penche sur les succès et les échecs, les obstacles et les opportunités pour les forêts d'Afrique. Il en ressort clairement que la prise de décisions démocratique et le leadership local sont cruciaux pour tirer des avantages durables de ce capital naturel. L'accès au financement et à des investissements verts sera aussi impératif.

Les décideurs feraient bien de s'inspirer des prescriptions rationnelles de ce rapport pour lier la planification REDD+ à une économie verte et à des
investissements durables. Dans bien des pays, la transformation vers une économie verte durable sera tributaire d'un développement des forêts résolument tourné vers l'avenir – ces forêts qui sont l'un des écosystèmes les plus importants et les plus riches d'Afrique.

 

08 September 2015
English

The role of forests in a green economy transformation in Africa

uploaded by Mihaela Secrieru

This report provides an analysis of the role of Africa’s forests in the continent’s future green economies. The report points to stark, problematic realities for people of Africa, markets and ecosystems from continuing deforestation and forest degradation. It also offers a glimpse of the positive potential of forests as countries shift toward resource-efficient and sustainable green economies.


Drawing on cases studies from Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique and South Africa, this report looks at successes and failures, obstacles and opportunities for forests in Africa. What is clear is that democratic decision-making and local leadership are crucial to enjoy sustainable benefits of this natural capital. Access to financing and green investment will also be imperative.


Policymakers would do well to draw on this report’s recommendations for linking REDD+ planning with a green economy and sustainable investments. The transformation to a sustainable green economy in many countries will depend on the forward-looking sustainable management of forests - one of Africa’s most bountiful and important ecosystems.

 

03 September 2015
Spanish

BOLETÍN DE POLÍTICAS 7: Incentivos fiscales a la producción agrícola: opciones para forjar una compatibilidad con REDD+

uploaded by Mihaela Secrieru

Este Boletín de políticas describe opciones para forjar una compatibilidad entre los incentivos fiscales a la producción agrícola y REDD+.

06 August 2015
English

The Funding Instrument for REDD+ in Indonesia: Making the Case for Financial Innovation

uploaded by Zeva Aulia Sudana

 
The Funding Instrument for REDD+ in Indonesia (FREDDI): Making the Case for Financial Innovation

The estimated financial need for implementing REDD+ until 2020 is USD10 billion. Institutions and mechanisms to mobilize and manage REDD+ finance are a key priority of Indonesia’s REDD+ programme at this stage - and this study aims to support this process through analysis and recommendations. Specifically, the study reviews the early stages of the development of the Fund for REDD+ in Indonesia (FREDDI) which was housed with the National REDD+ Agency (BP REDD+), and - to the extent to which FREDDI developed before the duties and functions of BP REDD+ were incorporated within the Ministry of Environment and Forestry - considers its ability to achieve its mandated objectives with regards to fund management and mobilization. Further, the study provides an overview of the potential role of financial innovation – such as debt and market mechanisms – in enhancing the role that a Fund for REDD+ in Indonesia could play in the scope of Indonesia’s REDD+ programme. Ultimately, the report affirms the notion that such a Fund should evolve beyond a passive disbursement mechanism to mobilize further investment from both private and public sectors

08 July 2015
English

Forest Ecosystems in the transition to a green economy and the role of REDD+ in the United Republic of Tanzania

uploaded by Beth Mbote

The aim of this report was to assess how deforestation affects the economy of the United Republic of Tanzania, both by looking at the limited ecosystem goods and services currently reflected in GDP and by looking at the effects on the economy if the full suite of forest ecosystem services are taken into account.The findings show that investment in the forestry sector has a disproportionately positive impact on the incomes of rural households in comparison to stimulating output from other sectors, meaning that investment in forestry could contribute to alleviating poverty. Taking these findings together, this report presents a solid case for Tanzania to integrate REDD+ policies into key economic sectors such as energy, agriculture, livestock, industries, transport and water to address the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation while identifying how the implementation of REDD+ can be part of Tanzania’s broader economic and development strategy, as the country plans to move towards REDD+ results-based actions that could lead to results-based payments and then towards Green Economy pathways to sustainable development and poverty eradication in Tanzania.

19 June 2015
French

Résumé exécutif: Mangroves d'Afrique Centrale: des puits de carbone aux multiples atouts - une évaluation pour la REDD+

uploaded by Mihaela Secrieru

 

Le présent rapport confirme que les mangroves figurent parmi les écosystèmes les plus riches en carbone de la planète et a pour ambition de jeter les bases de leur gestion durable, de leur conservation et de leur restauration. Il souligne à la fois l’importante valeur écologique et économique des mangroves et les facteurs qui menacent leur survie dans la région. Ce rapport encourage les pays qui ne l’ont pas encore fait à élaborer une définition des forêts englobant spécifiquement

les mangroves, afin d’inclure leurs écosystèmes dans les stratégies nationales de réduction des émissions liées à la déforestation et à la dégradation des forêts (REDD+). Au-delà de la perspective de financements additionnels, REDD+ peut jouer un rôle de catalyseur pour des actions de protection des mangroves, en encourageant des dialogues multipartites et en fournissant un cadre pour une politique globale et des approches intersectorielles visant à lutter contre les facteurs de la déforestation.

 

 

11 June 2015
Spanish

Ecosistemas Forestales en las Economias Nacionales y la Contribucion de REDD+ en la Transformacion hacia una Economia Verde: El Caso de Panama

uploaded by Mihaela Secrieru

 

La tala de bosques en Panamá avanza a un ritmo alarmante. Entre 1992 y 2008, la cobertura forestal del país disminuyó en 14%. La explotación forestal proporciona madera al sector forestal que contribuye a la economía de Panamá mediante el apoyo a la producción de muchos otros sectores. Entre 2001 y 2011, el sector forestal generó 80.590.000 dólares de los Estados Unidos por concepto de valor añadido en sectores conexos, entre otros, los tres sectores más importantes de la economía de Panamá: el financiero, el comercial y el del transporte. La conservación de los bosques también contribuye al bienestar humano a través de la provisión de servicios de los ecosistemas. Sin embargo, los incentivos financieros a la tala de los bosques son más fuertes que los incentivos para su conservación y ello trae como resultado la deforestación y la pérdida de servicios de los ecosistemas de los bosques. Entre los servicios no comercializados valorados, los servicios reguladores, y concretamente los servicios de almacenamiento de carbono (que contribuyen a la mitigación del cambio climático) y los servicios de regulación del agua, están entre los más valiosos. Por cada hectárea deforestada en Panamá se liberan alrededor de 436 toneladas de CO2 en promedio, lo que equivale a 3.224 dólares, según el precio del carbono en el mercado. Entre 1992 y 2012, la deforestación ocasionó pérdidas económicas netas por valor de 3.476 millones de dólares en todo el período. La conservación de los bosques y su gestión sostenible habrían evitado esas pérdidas. 

 

27 April 2015
English

Benefits of Forest Ecosystems in Zambia and the role of REDD+ in a Green Economy Transformation

uploaded by Mihaela Secrieru

The main objective of the study was to assess the economic value of Zambia’s forest ecosystem services. The  study estimates that, when ecosystem services provided by forests are accounted for, forests make a direct contribution to the national economy equivalent to about 4.7% of gross domestic product (GDP), which rises to 6.3% with the application of multiplier effects.

23 October 2009
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