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As part of its anti-corruption for REDD+ targeted support to Indonesia, the UN-REDD Programme is initiating a process to reflect on the progress achieved thus far by the country's multi door approach to address natural resources-related crimes and the challenges it faces.

One of the major challenges of law enforcement in Indonesia is that it tends to use a single legal regime, especially when dealing with crimes related to forestry, peatland, natural resources and the environment. However, those crimes are cross-sectoral. Forest crimes are almost always accompanied by money laundering, bribery, graft, tax evasion and environmental crime. That is why various laws should be used to ensure that the crimes are prosecuted in a comprehensive manner.

One breakthrough to address the above challenge was the introduction by the Indonesian Government of a multi-law regime, or "multi door approach", initiated as part of the Norway-Indonesia REDD+ agreement. This multi law regime includes forestry, plantation, mining, spatial planning, environment, taxation, corruption and money laundering laws. Several laws which have not been previously identified are also relevant, such as Coastal and Small Island Law and Shipping Law. 

To encourage the multi-door approach, three strategies are undertaken : 

1) develop a program to encourage the implementation of the multi-door approach by setting priority cases and building the capacity of law enforcers.

2) develop an MoU between  Ministry of Forestry, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Finance, the Attorney General’s Office, the Police and PPATK (FIU)  to improve law enforcement cooperation to support sustainable natural resources management in the implementation of REDD +.

3) develop a joint regulation on case management using a multi-door approach.

The three strategies are expected to effectively address a number of forest and environmental crimes such as the issuance of licenses which are not in accordance with applicable laws and regulations. Particularly the issuance of plantation and mining permits to companies which do not have environmental permits and explorations outside areas designated in the mining concessions. Other example is the clearance/burning of peat forest by plantation companies  without paying forest resources provision/reforestation funds.

Some anticipated benefits of the multi-door approach are an integrated law enforcement system, preventing disparity in criminal charges for similar cases, preventing suspects from escaping and providing a deterrent effect. In addition, this approach can promote corporate responsibility, environmental restoration, international cooperation for assets return and recovery of state losses.

The question is whether, after having run for two years, the multi-door approach has been effective in solving crimes, providing a deterrent effect, reducing losses to the state and helping to restore the environment. What are the challenges faced by law enforcers when using this approach? Law enforcers have faced technical issues ranging from a budget structure which does not support data and information collection as well as the investigation of various elements of a crime, limited expertise and crime assets management.

To support Indonesia in assessing the progress achieved and the challenges faced in applying the multi-door approach, especially at sub-national level, the UN-REDD Programme will start with gathering feedback from the law enforcement officers who had attended the multi-door approach training. The objectives of this support are : 

*To identify progress and challenges on the implementation of the multi-door approach, particularly in handling criminal cases related to natural resources and the environment.

*To formulate measures for improving concept, institution, implementing rules and budget structure so that the multi-door approach can be implemented effectively.

*To formulate a multi-door training approach model for law enforcers that is oriented on needs on the field and based on lessons learned from previous training experience

For more information, please contact  (UNDP/UN-REDD Indonesia), or (UNDP/UN-REDD Geneva)

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